African-American recruits weren't allowed to receive basic training at the traditional recruit depots of Parris Island or San Diego. They were segregated and received training at Montford Point, which was located at Camp Lejeune, N.C.
The Montford Point Marines were established in 1942 by President Franklin Roosevelt during World War II. About 20,000 blacks were trained at Montford Point between 1942 and 1949.
The Congressional Gold Medal is the highest civilian honor bestowed by congress for distinguished achievement. The President of the United States signed into law the legislation to award the Congressional Gold Medal to the Montford Point Marines on 23 November 2011. This award recognizes the Montford Point Marines’ contributions to the Marine Corps and the wider American society”.